Clements Center
Clements Center

Press

Spies, Disinformation and Election-Meddling: Past and Present Podcast

Nov 22, 2019

In this episode of Horns of Dilemma, "The Spy Who Hacked Me," Calder Walton, assistant director of the Applied History Program at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, talks about election meddling in the past, present, and future. He describes the history of KGB interference in U.S. elections and how the U.S. has countered it. Walton discusses how the KGB found that they just couldn’t just construct a lie out of whole cloth. Instead, they had to build on pre-existing divides that existed in America. KGB propaganda focused on issues of race, religion, and, strangely, the assassination of John F. Kennedy. 

Influence Operations and Active Measures: The History of Soviet and Russian Political Warfare in the West Podcast

Nov 08, 2019

In this episode of Horns of a Dilemma, Will Inboden sits down with Professor Paul Pope and Dr. Kiril Avramov of the Intelligence Studies Project and Dr. Calder Walton, assistant director of the Applied History Program at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, to discuss the history of influence operations and active measures by the Soviet Union and Russia. Their wide-ranging discussion covers everything from Soviet active measures in Chile, to the theory of reflexive control that governed the Soviet strategy of conducting influence operations, to the response in the United States to Operation JADE HELM, Russian interference in the 2016 election, and the role of social media in advancing political warfare goals. Join us for a fascinating conversation about history that has urgent implications for today.